World Typing Day is celebrated every year on January 8 to honor this written form of communication that ensures speed, precision and efficiency. Typists can also enter typing contests on this day.

Any of several machines for typing characters similar to those produced by printed characters, in particular one in which the characters are produced by steel characters striking the paper through an ink ribbon, the characters being actuated by corresponding keys on a keyboard and the paper being held by a platen which moves with the carriage when a key is pressed.

The history of the typewriter

Various types of machines were attempted to be invented in the 19th century. Most were huge and bulky, some being the size and shape of pianos. All of them took a lot longer to use than handwriting. Finally, in 1867, American inventor Christopher Latham Sholes was inspired to build the first working typewriter after reading an article in Scientific American about a new machine invented by the British.

On June 23, 1868, he patented his second model, which wrote at a speed significantly faster than a pen. Sholes made several modifications to the machine over the following years, and in 1873 he was awarded a manufacturing contract with E. Remington and Sons, gunsmiths, of Ilion, New York.

The first typewriters were introduced and the machine was quickly named

In 1874, the first typewriters were introduced and the machine was quickly named Remington. The cylinder, with its line spacing and carriage return mechanisms; the escapement, which causes letter spacing by the movement of the cage; arranging the bars so that they strike the paper at a common center; the actuation of the typbars by key levers and connection wires; printing through ink ribbon; and the positions of the various characters on the keyboard were some of the original features that were still standard in machines built a century later. Mark Twain purchased a Remington rifle and was the first author to submit a typed manuscript.

The original typewriter did not have a shift key mechanism, so it could only type capital letters. The challenge of printing both upper and lower case letters without increasing the number of keys has been solved by combining two types of the same letter, an upper case and a lower case of the same letter, on each bar, with a change mechanism cylinder.

The Remington Model 2 was the first uppercase key typewriter to hit the market in 1878. Soon after, so-called dual-keyboard computers made their debut, which had twice as many keys – one for each character. , uppercase or lowercase. For many years, dual-keyboard and upper-case-key machines fought for popularity, but the invention of the so-called tactile input method, which required the small keyboard of upper-case-key machines, settled the contest.

Another early debate concerned the relative virtues of the strike bar versus the type wheel, which were originally used in cylinder machines in the 1880s and later. The characters are mounted on a circle or segment in modern machines of this type, and actuation of the keys brings each type to the correct printing position, with the printing of the type on the paper being generated by a trigger action. .

The simplicity with which type segments can be replaced on type wheeled machines gives them an advantage in machine range and adaptability.

Almost all typewriters print using a reel-mounted ink ribbon that moves with machine action and automatically reverses once a reel is fully unwound. An ink pad is used on other machines, the type touching the pad before printing.

Quiet Typewriters Quiet Link is a variation of the traditional strike bar linkage which causes the strike bar to hit the turntable at a reduced speed while maintaining the same momentum. The Quiet Typewriter, although quieter than a traditional typewriter, cannot create as fine a print or as many carbon copies. By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins typing, cart movement, and other commands.

Modern typewriter

By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins keystrokes, carriage movement, and other commands.Wikipedia

Electric typewriters

The introduction of the electric typewriter, which is essentially a mechanical typewriter with an electric motor drive for typing, was a significant advance in the typewriter industry. By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins keystrokes, carriage movement, and other commands.

The appropriate linkage attached to a continuously rotating drive shaft performs the actuation. Lighter feel, faster and more consistent typing, more readability and many carbon copies, and reduced operator fatigue are all benefits of this method. Electric typewriters are manufactured by all major typewriter manufacturers and are particularly useful as office equipment capable of large production volume.

Thomas A. Edison produced the first electrically operated typewriter, which consisted of a printing wheel, in 1872, and eventually became the TTY ribbon printer. James Smathers invented the electric typewriter as a desktop typewriter in 1920.

The International Business Machines Corporation created the first commercially successful typewriter based on a spherical-type carrier architecture in 1961. When the appropriate character or symbol is selected, the sphere-shaped typeface slides across the surface of the typewriter. page, tilts and turns. A moving paper carriage is not necessary because the element moves from left to right.

Read also : Typewriters have been replaced by high-tech printers

Portable Typewriters

The first laptops were sluggish, clunky wheel-type devices from the late 1800s. The first successful laptops hit the market in 1909. By the 1950s, almost every typewriter manufacturer had made a typewriter. portable typewriter; they were all grab bar devices that worked the same as office machines. Laptops are more compact but less durable than normal variants because they use lighter parts. Electrically operated portable typewriters were first introduced in 1956.


The first World Typing Day was held in Malaysia in 2011. The Malaysian Fast Typing Competition, which took place in 2011, is commemorated on this day. Two typing records in the Malaysian Book of Records were broken during the competition (MBR). The day is co-hosted by the Junior Chamber International (JCI) Quick Typing Competition team and the Typo Auto Corrector team.

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